1
GATE CSE 2022
Numerical
+1
-0.33

Consider a network with three routers P, Q, R shown in the figure below. All the links have cost of unity.

The routers exchange distance vector routing information and have converged on the routing tables, after which the link Q-R fails. Assume that P and Q send out routing updates at random times, each at the same average rate. The probability of a routing loop formation (rounded off to one decimal place) between P and Q, leading to count-to-infinity problem, is _____________

2
GATE CSE 2022
Numerical
+1
-0.33

Consider a 100 Mbps link between an earth station (sender) and a satellite (receiver) at an altitude of 2100 km. The signal propagates at a speed of 3 $$\times$$ 108 m/s. The time taken (in milliseconds, rounded off to two decimal places) for the receiver to completely receive a packet of 1000 bytes transmitted by the sender is _____________.

3
GATE CSE 2022
Numerical
+1
-0.33

Consider the data transfer using TCP over a 1 Gbps link. Assuming that the maximum segment lifetime (MSL) is set to 60 seconds, the minimum number of bits required for the sequence number field of the TCP header, to prevent the sequence number space from wrapping around during the MSL is ___________.

4
GATE CSE 2022
+1
-0.33

Which one of the following facilitates transfer of bulk data from hard disk to main memory with the highest throughput?

A
DMA based I/O transfer
B
Interrupt driven I/O transfer
C
Polling based I/O transfer
D
Programmed I/O transfer
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