1

GATE PI 1993

Subjective

+5

-0

The voltage-arc length characteristics of a power source is $$V=20+40L,$$ where $$V=$$ operating voltage in volts and $$L=$$ arc length in $$cm.$$ The open circuit voltage and short circuit current for arc lengths ranging from $$3$$ to $$5mm$$ and current from $$400$$ to $$500$$ amps during welding operation are

2

GATE PI 1992

Subjective

+5

-0

Two sheets of low carbon steel $$1.5mm$$ thick each are spot welded by passing a current $$10000$$ amps for $$5$$ cycles in $$50$$ $$Hz$$ main supply.

i) What is the heat generated due to the supply of power if effective resistance has $$200$$ micro ohms,

ii) The maximum indentation is $$10\% $$ of sheet thickness and density of the spot weld nugget $$8$$ $$gm/cc.$$ If $$1380$$ Joules are required to melt $$1gm$$ of steel, determine heat required for welding operation if $$D=6SQRT$$ $$(t)$$ to determine nugget diameter $$D$$ and assume the nugget size to be equal to metal between the two electrodes

3

GATE PI 1992

Subjective

+5

-0

In $$MIG$$ welding the power source characteristics is $${V_p} = 36 - {\rm I}/60$$ and the arc characteristics is $${V_a} = 2{L_a}\,\,\,\, + 27.$$ Find the change in power of the arc if the arc length changed from $$2mm$$ to $$4mm.$$ If the maximum current capacity of the power source is $$300$$ Amps, the maximum arc length sustainable is

4

GATE PI 1991

Subjective

+5

-0

A resistance welder is rated at $$50$$ $$kVA,$$ at $$50\% $$ duty cycle. Secondary voltage is always constant at $$25$$ volts. If a job requires $$1500$$Amps current, determine the maximum welding time in a total cycle time of $$30$$$$secs$$.

Questions Asked from Welding (Marks 5)

Number in Brackets after Paper Indicates No. of Questions

GATE PI Subjects

Fluid Mechanics

Metrology

Theory of Machines

Engineering Mathematics

Machine Tools and Machining

Industrial Engineering

Engineering Mechanics

Strength of Materials

Thermodynamics

Machine Design

Casting

Joining of Materials

Metal Forming