## Marks 1

The directivity of an antenna array can be increased by adding more antenna elements, as a larger number of elements

For an antenna radiating in free space, the electric field at a distance of 1 km is found to be 12 m V/m. Given that intrinsic impedance of the free s...

Match column A with column B.
Column
1. Point electromagnetic source
2. Dish antenna
3. Yagi-Uda antenna
Column
P. Highly directional
Q...

The radiation pattern of an antenna in spherical co-ordinates is given by
$$$F\,(\theta )\, = {\cos ^4}\,\theta \,\,\,;\,\,0\,\, \le \,\,\theta \,\, \...

For a Hertz dipole antenna, the half power beam width (HPBW) in the E-plane is

A transmission line is feeding 1 Watt of power to a horn antenna having gain of 10 dB. The antenna is matched to the transmission line. The total powe...

Refractive index of glass is 1.5. Find the wavelength of a beam of light with a frequency of $${10^{14}}$$ Hz in glass. Assume velocity of light is $$...

Consider a lossless antenna with a directive gain of + 6 dB. If 1 m W of power is fed to it the total power radiated by the antenna will be

The line-of-sight communication requires the transmit and receive antennas to face each other. If the transmit antenna is vertically polarized for bes...

If the diameter of a $$\lambda /2$$ dipole antenna is increased from $$\lambda /100$$ to $$\lambda /50$$ then is

An antenna in free space receives 2$$\mu $$ W of power when the incident electric field is 20 m V/m rms. The effective aperture of the antenna is

The radiation resistance of a circular loop of one turn is 0.01 $$\Omega $$. The radiation resistance of five turns of such a loop will be

The far field of an antenna varies with distance r as

The vector $$\mathop H\limits^ \to $$ in the far field of an antenna satisfiels

An antenna when radiating, has a highly directional radiation pattern. When the antenna is receiving its radiation pattern

For a dipole antenna

## Marks 2

A half wavelength dipole is kept in the x-y plane and oriented along $${45^ \circ }$$ from the x-axis. Determine the direction of null in the radiatio...

An antenna pointing in a certain direction has a noise temperature of $$50K$$. The ambient temperature is $$290K$$. The antenna is connected to a pre-...

Two lossless X-band horn antennas are separated by a distance of $$200\lambda $$. The amplitude reflection coefficients at the terminals of the transm...

The far-zone power density radiated by a helical antenna is approximated as:
$$$\overrightarrow W {\,_{rad}} = \overrightarrow W \,average\, \approx \...

Two half-wave dipole antennas placed as shown in the figure are excited with sinusoidally varying currents of frequency 3 MHz and phase shift of $$\pi...

At 20 GHz, the gain of a parabolic dish antenna of 1 meter diameter and 70% efficiency is

A $$\lambda /2$$ dipole is kept horizontally at a height of $${\lambda _0}/2$$ above a perfectly conducting infinite ground plane. The radiation patte...

A mast antenna consisting of a 50 meter long vertical conductor operates over a perfectly conducting ground plane. It is base-fed at frequency of 600...

Two identical and parallel dipole antennas are kept apart by a distance $$\lambda /4$$ of in the H-plane. They are fed with equal currents but the rig...

Two identical antennas are placed in the $$\theta = \pi /2$$
plane as shown in figure. The
elements have equal amplitude excitation with 180° polarit...

A person with a receiver is 5 Km away from the transmitter. What is the distance that this person must move further to detect a 3-dB decrease in signa...

In a uniform linear array, four isotropic radiating elements are spaced $$\lambda /4$$ apart. The progressive phase shift between the elements require...

A medium wave radio transmitter operating at a wavelength of 492 m has a tower antenna of height 124m. What is the radiation resistance of the antenna...

For an 8 feet (2.4 m) parabolic disk antenna operating at 4 GHz, the minimum distance required for far field measurement is closest to

The half-power beam widths (HPBW) of an antenna in the two orthogonal planes are $${100^ \circ }$$ and $${60^ \circ }$$ respectively. The directivity...

A transmitting antenna radiates 251 W isotropically. A receiving antenna, located 100m away from the transmitting antenna, has an effective aperture o...

A parabolic dish antenna has a conical beam 20 wide. The directivity of the antenna is approximately

A transverse electromagnetic wave with circular polarization is received by a dipole antenna. Due to polarization mismatch, the power transfer efficie...

A 1 km long microwave link uses two antennas each having 30dB gain. If the power transmitted by one antenna is 1 W at 3 GHz, the power received by the...

Two dissimilar antennas having their maximum directivities equal

The beam width-between-first-null of a uniform linear array of N equally-spaced (element spacing = d) equally-excited antennas is determined by

In a board side array of 20 isotropic radiators, equally spaced at a distance of $$\lambda /2$$, the veam width between first nulls is

Two isotropic antennas are separated by a distance of two wavelengths. If both the antennas are fed with currents of equal phase and magnitude, the nu...

In the case of ground wave propagation, at far-off distances from the transmitting tower antenna, the Poynting vector is

The electric field E and the magnetic field H of a short dipole antenna satisfy the condition

## Marks 4

A thin dipole antenna is $$\left( {\lambda /15} \right)$$ long, where $$\lambda $$ is the voperating wavelength. If the dipole has a loss resistance o...

## Marks 5

Consider a linear array of two half - wave dipoles A and B as shown in Fig. The dipoles are $${\lambda \over 4}$$ apart and are excited in such a way...

The average power of an omni-directional antenna varies as the magnitude of cos($$\theta $$) where $$\theta $$ is the azimuthal angle. Calculate the m...

A dipole antenna has a sin$$\theta $$ radiation pattern where the angle $$\theta $$ is measured from the axis of the dipole. The dipole is vertically ...

Two isotropic antennas A and B from an array as shown in Fig. The currents fed to the two antennas are $${{\rm I}_0}\,\angle 0$$ and $${{\rm I}_0}\,\a...

Two dipoles are so fed and oriented in free space that they produce the following electromagnetic waves:
$$${E_x} = 10\,{e^{j\left( {\omega t - z\pi ...

Two spacecrafts are separated by 3000 km. Each has a paraboloidal reflector antenna of 0.85 m diameter operating at a frequency of 2 GHz with an apert...

Consider an array of two non-directional radiators with spacing $$d\,\, = \,\,0.5\,\,\lambda $$. Determine the directions of maximum radiation when th...

## Marks 8

Elements of a linear array of three equally spaced (element spacing $$0.5\lambda $$ ) vertical mast radiators are excited as given in Fig. For the hor...

## Marks 10

In the radiation pattern of a 3-element array of isotropic radiators equally spaced at distances of $${\lambda /4}$$ it is required to place a null a...

Two vertically oriented half wave dipoles are spaced 1.5 wavelengths apart to from an array. Calculate the half power beam widths of the major lobes o...